What Is Creative Placemaking?
In Creative Placemaking, the 2010 white paper for the NEAâs Mayorsâ Institute on City Design, Ann Markusen and Anne Gadwa Nicodemus developed an initial definition of creative placemaking:
In creative placemaking, partners from public, private, nonprofit, and community sectors strategically shape the physical and social character of a neighborhood, town, tribe, city, or region around arts and cultural activities. Creative placemaking animates public and private spaces, rejuvenates structures and streetscapes, improves local business viability and public safety, and brings diverse people together to celebrate, inspire, and be inspired.
The report remains a key resource for mayors, arts organizations, the philanthropic sector, and others interested in understanding strategies for leveraging the arts to help shape and revitalize the physical, social, and economic character of place. Creative Placemaking has also been translated into Korean (Arts Council Korea, 2014).
In the years since, support for and interest in creative placemaking has rapidly expanded, most notably with the formation of the ArtPlace funding consortium.
“Artists and Gentrification: Sticky Myths, Slippery Realities,” (Createquity blog, 2013) explores the complicated misconceptions surrounding artists’ perceived roles as gentrifiers.
âFuzzy Vibrancy,â (Cultural Trends, 2013) introduces international audiences to creativeÂ placemaking as a major new U.S. cultural policy and funding trend and contextualizes it within past patterns of arts-based economic and community development. Through an analysis of policy rhetoric and a sample of initiatives, it explores the interplay between policy and practice. It focuses on the challenges of a tendency towards âfuzzy conceptsâ within policy development.
“Small is Beautiful,” (GIA Reader, 2014)
explores how creative placemaking unfolds in rural communities through the lens of four case studies. Diverse stakeholders strategically shape their rural communities around arts and cultural activities. Such efforts to preserve and enhance rural communitiesâ living cultural legacies can pay dividends in terms of economic resilience, fellowship, cultural exchange, and physical revitalization. Creative placemaking offers asset-based tools to meet community challenges and direct change.
In a specialÂ creative placemaking issueÂ of theÂ Community Development Investment Review (2014) for the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco,Â Ann Markusen and Anne Gadwa Nicodemus contributed “Creative Placemaking: How to Do It Well.” In this article, they focus on theÂ challenges in partnering, project design, securing finance, and evaluating progress. They go beyond the limits of their initial definition and case studies, adding insights from subsequent research, consulting, public speaking, and community engagement.
âCreative Placemaking 101 for Community Developers,â (LISC Institute for Comprehensive Community Development, 2014) empowers community developers by focusing on creative placemaking fundamentals: strategic action by cross-sector partners, a place-based orientation, and a core of arts and cultural activity.
Gadwa Nicodemus and Ann Markusen were also interviewed for a feature story in NEA Arts Magazine’s issue on creative placemaking (2012).
âCreative Placemaking 2.0,â (GIA Reader, 2010) unpacked creative placemaking: our rapidly evolving understanding, major policy shifts, challenges around evaluating impact and equity concerns, and opportunities ahead.
Browse creative placemaking presentation videos: